|Introduction||Historical Background||Chronology||Geography||Biography||Technology||Ownership and Financing||General Bibliography|
Minneapolis was founded in 1856.
The first waterworks were
built in 1868 by the City of Minneapolis.
The waterworks are currently owned by the City of Minneapolis.
1867 Star Tribune (Minneapolis, Minnesota), June 15, 1867, Page 4.
By invitation of the city council, Messrs. Holley and Keep of the Holley Water Works Co., of Lockport, New York.
It was decided that the plan of water works as submitted by Messrs. Holly and Keep, of the Holly works of Lockport, N. Y. should be used in this city.
Tribune (Minneapolis, Minnesota), July 20, 1867, Page 4.
The wheels, pumps and machinery have been ordered and are now in the process of construction at the Holly Water Work Company's shops, Lockport, N.Y. The cement pipes, which have been ordered at Jersey City, N.J., are thought to be far superior to the iron pipes.
Buffalo Commercial (Buffalo, New York), January 22, 1868, Page
Minneapolis Water Works. Water was successfully introduced into the pipes of the City Water Works yesterday.
1868 An act to authorize the city of Minneapolis, to issue Bonds for the construction of Water Works. February 12, 1868.
1868 An act to amend the charter of the city of Minneapolis, and to amend an act entitled "an act to authorize the city of Minneapolis to issue bonds for the construction of water works," approved February twelfth, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight. March 4, 1868.
Water Works," The Minneapolis Tribune, April 24, 1868, Page
Failure of cement pipe.
Cement Pipe," Star Tribune (Minneapolis, Minnesota), May 9,
1868, Page 4.
Why it was purchased. Detailed Statement by W. H. Lee.
Holly's system of fire protection and water supply, for cities and
villages. Machinery manufactured and warranted superior to any other,
by Holly Manufacturing Company, Lockport, N.Y.
Pages 13-17: Minneapolis Water Works.
City Water Works," Star Tribune (Minneapolis, Minnesota),
April 21, 1870, Page 4.
How Minneapolis is Supplied with Pure Water. A General Reconstruction of the Pump House. New "Torrent" pump installed.
Council Proceedings," Star Tribune (Minneapolis, Minnesota),
July 16, 1870, Page 4.
Condition of the Pumps. We are at present reduced to the successful working of only one pump, for all of our fire protection, in consequence of the breaking of the other. The Holly pump is a good pump for fire protection along, but it is in good order, but for continued work it is a very expensive pump to run, being easy to get out of order and very difficult to repair.
Water Works," Star Tribune (Minneapolis, Minnesota), June
18, 1872, Page 3.
The Old and the New. Great Increase in Power and Capacity. Full Description of the Improved Pumps.
1874 "The Water Works," The Minneapolis Tribune, June 23, 1874, Page 2.
1875 "The Wyckoff Pipe," Star Tribune (Minneapolis, Minnesota), April 15, 1875, Page 2. Several testimonials.
Report of the Board of Trade of Minneapolis 1876
Page 20: Water Works
Report of the Board of Trade of Minneapolis 1877
Pages 27-28: Water Supply and Fire Protection
Report of the Board of Trade of Minneapolis 1878
Page 24: Water Supply and Fire Protection
1881 Minneapolis, Engineering News, 8:433 (October 29, 1881)
of Hennepin County and the City of Minneapolis, by George E.
Warner and Edward Duffield Neill
Page 420: in 1871, Joseph Miller began the manufacture of candies and ice cream. His machinery is run by a twenty-four-inch hydraulic motor of one horse-power, furnished by the city water-works.
Page 490: The city of Minneapolis was incorporated in the spring of 1867, and the next fall the Holly system of water works was introduced, and completed in the spring of 1868. Two Holly pumps were put in, and about a mile of cement pipe was laid, at a cost of about $60,000. The cement pipe was a failure, and in 1870 was replaced by cast-iron pipe. During the latter year, the city purchased of J. B. Bassett the stone saw-mill at the head of the canal, and paid for it $18,000. James Waters, then in charge, erected new pumping machinery with daily pumping capacity of two million gallons, and the Holly pumps were moved into the new quarters. In 1880, the old rotary pumps were removed to make room for a new pump of four million gallons daily, making the present total capacity nine and one-one half million gallons per day. There are eighteen and two-thirds miles of main pipe laid.
1882 Minneapolis from "The Water-Supply of Certain Cities and Towns of the United States," by Walter G. Elliot, C. E., Ph. D.
1883 "The Water Supply of Minneapolis," Bulletin of the Minnesota Academy of Natural Sciences 3:38-44 (March 6, 1883)
of Minneapolis. Prepared for the thirty-second annual
meeting of the American Association of the Advancement of Science, held in
Minneapolis, Minn., August 15-22, 1883.
Page 86: City Water Supply. "Not only the quantity, but also the quality of water supplied by the city has been a subject of debate, for which there is, at present, but slender cause. Whilst the increase of the city's sewerage, pouring into the river, must prove at no distant day, an actual source of pollution to the water, and suggests the propriety of a further removal of the works to a place of more assured safety than they at present occupy, there is, as yet, no real ground for alarm."
1888 "Minneapolis," from Manual of American Water Works, Volume 1.
1890 "Minneapolis," from Manual of American Water Works, Volume 2.
1891 "Minneapolis," from Manual of American Water Works, Volume 3.
of the City of Minneapolis, Minnesota, Part 2, edited by Isaac
Pages 805-807: Chapter XXIV. Water Works, by Rufus J. Baldwin.
1894 "Mechanical Filters at New Orleans and Proposed Filter Plant at Minneapolis," Engineering News 32:174-175 (August 30, 1894)
1897 "Minneapolis," from Manual of American Water Works, Volume 4.
1904 "The Water Supply of Minneapolis," by J. Frank Corbett, M.D., Journal of the Association of Engineering Societies 33(6):331-335 (December, 1904)
1905 The question of pure water for Minneapolis.
1908 "Eight-Center Water in Minneapolis," Public Service 5(5):141-143 (November, 1908)
1909 Report of Pure Water Commission, June 16, 1909.
1910 "A 20,000,000-Gal. Hypochlorite Water-Disinfecting Plant at Minneapolis, Minn.” by J.A. Jensen, Engineering News. 63(14):391-2. (April 7, 1910)
1910 Report on an Improved Water Supply for the City of Minneapolis, by Rudolph Hering, F. H. Bass, J. F. Corbett
1914 Report on the Water Works Department of the City of Minneapolis, Minn, by Frederick Wilhelm Cappelen
1919 The Water Works of the City of Minneapolis, Minnesota: A Brief Historical Sketch and a Description of the Present Water Works
1984 "A Tale of Two Towers: Washburn Park and Its Water Supply," by Thomas W. Balcom. Minnesota History Magazine 49:19-28 (Spring 1984)
2012 Establishment of the Minneapolis Waterworks, 1867–1910, by Joseph Manulik
© 2017 Morris A. Pierce