|Introduction||Historical Background||Chronology||Geography||Biography||Technology||Ownership and Financing||General Bibliography|
|Middle Atlantic States||New York||New York City|
New York City was first settled by Europeans when the Dutch arrived 1624.
The first water works were built by Christopher Colles in 1774, but the arrival of the British Army in August 1776 ended the project while the works were being tested.
In 1799, the Manhattan Company was chartered to distribute water in Manhattan, and distributed well water through wooden pipes.
The City of New York constructed a water tank and iron pipes for fire protection in 1830 and after much study decided to impound the water of the Croton River and deliver it through an aqueduct.
The Croton System includes the First or Old Croton Aqueduct completed with a celebration on October 14, 1842, and a Second or New Croton Aqueduct completed in 1890.
The Catskill System was completed in 1915.
System includes an Aqueduct completed in 1944 and several reservoirs
to deliver water from the Delaware River.
Water is currently provided by the City of New York, which includes a History of New York City's Water Supply System and a map of New York City's Water Supply System.
1844 Reminiscences of the City of New York and Its Vicinity
1881 New York City, Engineering News, 8:91 (March 5, 1881)
1882 New York City from "The Water-Supply of Certain Cities and Towns of the United States," by Walter G. Elliot, C. E., Ph. D.
1888 "New York City," from Manual of American Water Works, Volume 1.
1890 "New York City," from Manual of American Water Works, Volume 2.
1891 "New York City," from Manual of American Water Works, Volume 3.
1896 The Water Supply of the City of New York, 1658-1895 by Edward Wegmann
1897 "New York City," from Manual of American Water Works, Volume 4.
1899 Annual Report of the Department of Water Supply of the City of New York, Volumes 1-3 by New York Board of Water Supply | Volumes 1-68 |
1900 Report Upon New York's Water Supply: With Particular Reference to the Need of Procuring Additional Sources and Their Probable Cost, with Works Constructed Under Municipal Ownership, Made to Bird S. Coler, Comptroller, March 23, 1900, by John Ripley Freeman.
1917 "Water Works History" from Twenty Second Annual Report of the American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society 1917
1932 "World's Longest Water Tunnel" from Popular Science, Volume 121, Number 6, Page 35 (December 1932) City water tunnel number 2
1952 Water supply of the City of New York.by New York Department of Water Supply, Gas and Electricity.
1956 Water for the Cities by Nelson Blake, includes several chapters on New York City.
1962 "New York City," from Public Water Supplies of the 100 Largest Cities in the United States, 1962, US Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 1812, by Charles Norman Durfor and Edith Becker
1996 "The hydraulics revolution: Science and technical design of urban water supply in the enlightenment," by Edward Howard Winant, PhD dissertation in History, West Virginia University. Includes chapters on the history of water works in New York City.
2000 Water for Gotham by Gerard T. Koeppel
2006 Water-works: The Architecture and Engineering of the New York City Water Supply, by Kevin Bone, Gina Pollara, Albert F. Appleton. This is an excellent book with many photographs and engineering drawings. A favorite!
2013 History of NYC Water System by Catskill Watershed Corporation
2013 The Contentious History of Supplying Water to Manhattan by Lauren Robinson, Museum of the City of New York
2013 Empire of Water: An Environmental and Political History of the New York City Water Supply by David Soll
2014 The Croton and Catskill Systems: Meeting the Demand for Water in New York City by Lauren Robinson, Museum of the City of New York
2015 New York City Tunnel No. 3
© 2015 Morris A. Pierce