History of the Campuses and Buildings of the University of Rochester
United States Hotel Prince Street Campus Eastman School of Music Medical Center River Campus Mid-Campus South Campus Mt. Hope Campus Graduate, Family and Veteran Housing Central Utilities Other Off-Site Buildings
South Campus University Facilities Center

University Facilities Center

Manning the bulldozer at groundbreaking ceremonies for a nuclear structure research laboratory are
President Wallis (at the controls), trustee chairman Joseph C. Wilson '31 at right, and at left Rochester Gas & Electric CEO Robert Ginna and physics professor Harry Gove, from Beside the Genesee: a pictorial history of the University of Rochester, page 86. (2000)

Ground was broken for a Nuclear Structure Research Laboratory on June 26, 1964 and the building was complete in late 1965.  The Emperor tandem accelerator was installed in 1966 and the building was dedicated on June 1, 1967.  The facility was largely funded by various agencies of the federal government and when this funding dried up the program evaporated sometime in the late 1990s. 

The facility included a tandem Van de Graff accelerator, which was the state-of-the-art Emperor model, capable of accelerating high-resolution beams of helium-irons to energies of over 30 MeV and also an Enge split-pole magnetic spectrograph for high-resolution particle spectroscopy.  In the 1980s the accelerator was upgraded to increase its terminal potential from approximately 12 MV to 18 MV.

Th3 accelerator was decommissioned in 1995 and moved to the Brookhaven National Laboratory to serve as a second injector to the new Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) facility.

The NSRL parking lot was used by undergraduates and the building is shown on some later campus maps as the Administrative Annex

The building was renovated to house University Facilities & Services, which moved from 612 Wilson Boulevard in June 2008.

1962 "Building and Grounds Gets New Name, New Look," University Record. 2(8):1 (September 1962)
The name of the Department of Buildings and Grounds has been changed to the Department of Physical Plant, and several new departmental appointments made, according to Roger Austin, University architect.
James M. Young, general superintendent of Buildings and Grounds, is the new superintendent of Physical Plant.
Named to the new post of assistant superintendent of Physical Plant for engineering is James Dungan, formerly assistant chief engineer at the Heating Plant. He will have responsibility for the continued mechanical engineering work on the University physical plant, the heating plant as it involves heating, electrical work, plumbing, ventilation and air conditioning.
He will also be responsible for the control and coordination of mechanical engineering as it applies to the new buildings being designed for the River Campus. George Haas will continue as chief engineer of the Heating Plant.
An appointment will be made in the future to the new post of assistant superintendent of Physical Plant for Operations. This fall a new department will be established for air-conditioning.
Arthur Hughston, former chief electrician, has been appointed to the newly-created position of chief of electrical planning. He will devote his time to the immediate and future needs of UR electrical installations. Fred Curtis has been named new chief electrician.

1963 "UR Given Grant for Nuclear Lab," University Record 3(1):1 (January 1963)
A $3,561,000 National Science Foundation grant—the largest single award ever made by the Foundation —to the University toward the cost of a unique laboratory to study the structure of atomic nuclei was announced Dec. 19 by W. Allen Wallis, University president. The grant includes $3,136,000 for a new accelerator and $425,000 to defray part of the cost of a $1,743,000 laboratory.

1963 "Medical Center at UR Given $3.1 Million Aid," Democrat and Chronicle, October 12, 1963, Page 23.
Earlier, this year the UR received the largest grant ($3.5 million) ever made by the National Science Foundation. That grant is for construction of a nuclear structure research laboratory.

1954 "UR South Campus Construction Commences on $5.2 Million Nuclear Structure Lab," Campus Times, July 22, 1964, Page 1.

1966 "Emperor Opens New Chapter in UR History," University Record 6(7):4-5 (July-August 1966)

1967 "More News about NRSL Dedication," Currents, May 26, 1967
The dedication ceremonies of the Nuclear Structure Research Laboratory on the South Campus will begin at 10:30 a.m., Thursday, June 1.

1967 "UR to Dedicate Atom Laboratory," Democrat and Chronicle, June 1, 1967, Page 17.

1967 "Enter the Emperor," Rochester Review 29(2):10-14 (Winter 1967)

1977 "North-American MP Tandem accelerators," by H. E. Wegner and Peter Thieberger
There are six North-American MP Tandem accelerators: Yale; Minnesota; Chalk River; Rochester; and two at Brookhaven. The current status and operating characteristics of these six tandem accelerators are discussed. Upgrade and special improvements of the different machines is reviewed and new developments since the last Electrostatic Conference are discussed in detail. The overall operating characteristics of the different machines during the last year of operation are compared.

1981 "The North-American MP Tandem accelerators," Nuclear Instruments and Methods 184:121-144 (1981)

1981 "NSRL Advances in Nuclear Physics," Campus Times, February 10, 1981, Page 3 | Part 2 |

1986 "John Huizenga at the Nuclear Structure Research Lab. (NSRL), by Harry Edmund Gove, Nuclear Fission and Heavy-ion-induced Reactions: Festschrift and Proceedings of the International Symposium on Nuclear Fission and Heavy-Ion-Induced Reactions Held on the Occasion of the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of John R. Huizenga, University of Rochester, New York, April 20-22, 1986, edited by Wolf-Udo Schröder.
The first experiments at the University of Rochester's Nuclear Structure Research Laboratory were carried out in early November of 1966 and the accelerator itself was officially accepted in April of 1967. The laboratory's inception was a result of an idea of Robert Marshack and Bruce French of the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Rochester. A proposal was submitted to three federal agencies in February 1962. The proposal was accepted by the latter organization, the National Science Foundation and NSRL has flourished in nuclear science since that time. This paper presents an overview of John Huizenga's activities at the NSRL

1989 "Time Machine," Rochester Review 51(3):3-7 (Spring 1989)
Harry Gove's tandem accelerator, originally developed for pure research into nuclear physics, has led him into some very strange places indeed including a lO-year entanglement with the Shroud of Turin.

1989 "Progress in Radiocarbon Dating the Shroud of Turin," by Harry Edmund Gove, Radiocarbon 31(3):965-969 (1989)

1991 "Rochester Scientists to Build World's Best Neutron Detector," October 4, 1991

1992 "Radioactive clock helps unlock environmental secrets," November 2, 1992

2000 "Physicist Harry Gove unravels mysteries," Currents, February 7, 2000

2009 Five decades of research in nuclear science, by John R Huizenga

2010 "Obituary of Harry Edmund Gove," Physics Today (July 19, 2000)
From 1964 onwards Gove directed the new Nuclear Structure Research Laboratory at the University of Rochester as Professor of Physics. Over the next decade this facilities was used for a wide range of nuclear reaction studies and generated a wealth of new data which provided the opportunity for extensive tests of model calculations for nuclei ranging from the 1p shell to the actinides. During this period a program of heavy-ion reaction studies was developed, together with a pulsed-beam facility with sub-nanosecond resolution that was also brought into operation

The History of Nuclear Physics at the University of Rochester
The Nuclear Structure Research Laboratory was built on campus during the early 1960s. It was centered on one of the worlds largest tandem Van de Graaff accelerators which was equipped with a versatile arsenal of instrumentation. This powerful heavy-ion beam facility was commissioned in 1966 and upgraded in the 1980s. For 29 years it played an important and distinguished role in nuclear science, as well as pioneering new fields such as accelerator mass spectrometry. This accelerator was decommissioned in 1995 and moved to the Brookhaven National Laboratory to serve as a second injector to the new RHIC facility.

© 2021 Morris A. Pierce