Documentary History of American Water-works

Introduction Historical Background Chronology Geography Biography Technology Ownership and Financing General Bibliography
North Central States
Ohio Toledo

Toledo, Ohio

Toledo was incorporated as a city in 1836.

The city council originally chose a Holly water system, but the engineer hired by the water commissioners recommended that a standpipe system be used.  After some heated discussion, a special commission appointed to investigate the various water works systems.  The commission traveled over 3,000 miles in 13 states over 23 days, and recommended a standpipe system with Worthington pumps, which was adopted and delivered water on December 19, 1873.  A standpipe was added the following year and the system was demonstrated in June, 1875.


Toledo Water Works and Standpipe, built 1873/4

The original system included a filter, which was not satisfactory and abandoned after about a year.  The city built a new filtration plant that began service in February, 1910.

Water is  supplied by the city of Toledo, which has a history page.


References
1872 "Water Works," The Evening Gazette (Terre Haute, Indiana), March 28, 1872, Pages 2 & 3.
The Holly Water Works.  Valuable statistics and reports from cities that have them in use.  From the Toledo Blade.

1872 "Toledo Water-Works," North American and United States Gazette (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), December 16, 1872, Page 3.
Proposals for engines and cast-iron water pipes

1873 Toledo Water Works : report of Moses Lane, January 13, 1873

1873 Water works reports from special committee of citizens and water works trustees to the city council of Toledo : submitted March 31st, 1873.

1873 Reports of the Toledo trustees of water works and opinions by hydraulic engineers as to the merits of various systems of water supply., includes Water works reports from special committee of citizens and water works trustees to the city council of Toledo : submitted March 31st, 1873.

1873 "Toledo's Water Works," The Minneapolis Tribune, April 2, 1873, page 1.
The long contest in this city between the friends of the holly water works and the standard pipe system has been ended by the city council repealing its order for the former and adopting the latter, the pipe to be 250 feet high, and the entire works to cost $685,000.

1873 The Elyria Democrat (Elyria, Ohio), May 28, 1873, Page 2.
H.R. Worthington, of New York, was on Wednesday awarded a contract by the Toledo Water Works Trustees, for furnishing the water works with two Worthington duplex engines with boilers and other appurtenances.  Also for boiler capacity sufficient to drive an engine for pumping into the filtering beds.  The engines will have a pumping capacity of 5,000,000 gal. per day, (24 hours) and the price is $105,000.

1873 "Wanted - 500 Laborers," Chicago Daily Tribune, September 1, 1873, Page 7.
on Toledo Water Works; steady employment at $2 per day; pay every Monday; board cheap.

1873 First Annual Report of the Water Works Board, including Secretary and Superintendent's Reports to the Toledo Common Council, for the year ending December 31, 1873.

1874 "A Titanic Task," Detroit Free Press, October 9, 1874, Page 4.
The Immense Standpipe for the Toledo Water Works Successfully Elevated.
The pipe has a perpendicular height of 205 feet, and is twenty-four feet in diameter.  Its weight is 64,000 pounds, and when full will exert a pressure all over the city of 103 pounds per square foot.

1874 "Tallest in the World," Weekly Toledo Blade, October 15, 1874, Page 2.
Which Means our Stand-Pipe, of Course.

1875 Second Annual Report of the Water Works Board, including Secretary and Superintendent's Reports to the Toledo Common Council, for the year ending February 1, 1875.

1875 The Star (Cincinnati, Ohio), June 1, 1875, Page 1.
A satisfactory test of the Toledo water-works took place yesterday afternoon, witnessed by a large crowd.

1875 Third Annual Report of the Water Works Board, including Secretary and Superintendent's Reports to the Toledo Common Council

1876 Fourth Annual Report of the Water Works Board, including Secretary and Superintendent's Reports to the Toledo Common Council, for the year ending December 31, 1876.

1877 "The Water Question," Daily Free Press and Times (Burlington, Vermont), August 11, 1877, Page 3.
Description of Toledo water filter.

1877 Fifth Annual Report of the Water Works Board, including Secretary and Superintendent's Reports to the Toledo Common Council, for the year ending December 31, 1877.

1878 Sixth Annual Report of the Water Works Board, including Secretary and Superintendent's Reports to the Toledo Common Council, for the year ending December 31, 1878.

1879 By-laws and rules and regulations for the management and protection of the Toledo water works as adopted by the Board of Trustees.

1879 Seventh Annual Report of the Water Works Board, including Secretary and Superintendent's Reports to the Toledo Common Council, for the year ending December 31, 1879.

1880 Eighth Annual Report of the Water Works Board, including Secretary and Superintendent's Reports to the Toledo Common Council, for the year ending December 31, 1880.

1881 "A Defaulter Heard From," Chicago Tribune, March 17, 1881, Page 2.
C. A. Reimensnyder, defaulting Secretary of the Toledo Water Works.

1881 Toledo, from Engineering News 8:305  (July 30, 1881)

1881 Ninth Annual Report of the Water Works Board, including Secretary and Superintendent's Reports to the Toledo Common Council, for the year ending December 31, 1881. | another copy |

1882 Tenth Annual Report of the Water Works Board, including Secretary and Superintendent's Reports to the Toledo Common Council, for the year ending December 31, 1882.

1882 Toledo from "The Water-Supply of Certain Cities and Towns of the United States," by Walter G. Elliot, C. E., Ph. D.

1884 Twelfth Annual Report of the Water Works Board, including Secretary and Superintendent's Reports to the Toledo Common Council, for the year ending December 31, 1884.

1885 The Municipal Code of the City of Toledo: Comprising the General Ordinances and Special Ordinances of General Interest, Together with an Appendix, Containing the Rules and Regulations of the Board of Aldermen, the Board of Councilmen, and the Board of Water Works, and Other Matters of Public Interest
Pages 260-261:  Chapter XLIV. Water Works.
Pages 563-577:  By-Laws and Regulations for the Management and Protction of the Toledo Water Works.
Pages 577-581:  Tariff of Water Rates.

1887 Fifteenth Annual Report of the Trustees of the Toledo Water Works, for the year ending December 31, 1887, together with the reports of the Superintendent and Secretary

1888 History of the city of Toledo and Lucas County, Ohio, by Clark Waggoner
Pages 566-571:  Water Supply

1888 Sixteenth Annual Report of the Trustees of the Toledo Water Works, for the year ending December 31, 1888, together with the reports of the Superintendent and Secretary

1888 "Toledo," from Manual of American Water Works, Volume 1.

1890 "Toledo," from Manual of American Water Works, Volume 2.

1891 "Toledo," from Manual of American Water Works, Volume 3.

1895 Twenty-Second Annual Report of the Trustees of the Toledo Water Works for the period extending from December 31, 1893 to March 31, 1895 | also here |

1896 Twenty-Third Annual Report of the Trustees of the Toledo Water Works for the fiscal year ending March 31, 1896.

1897 Twenty-Fourth Annual Report of the Trustees of the Toledo Water Works for the fiscal year ending March 31, 1897.

1897 "Toledo," from Manual of American Water Works, Volume 4.

1898 Twenty-Fifth Annual Report of the Trustees of the Toledo Water Works for the fiscal year ending March 31, 1898.

1899 Twenty-Sixth Annual Report of the Trustees of the Toledo Water Works for the fiscal year ending March 31, 1899.

1900 Twenty-Seventh Annual Report of the Trustees of the Toledo Water Works for the fiscal year ending March 31, 1900.

1901 Twenty-Eighth Annual Report of the Trustees of the Toledo Water Works for the fiscal year ending March 31, 1901.

1902 Twenty-Ninth Annual Report of the Trustees of the Toledo Water Works for the fiscal year ending March 31, 1902.

1902 The Report of the Engineering Commission, Appointed by Water Works Trustees of the City of Toledo, Ohio: To Report Upon Improved Water Supply, December 20, 1902.

1910 Memoirs of Lucas County and the City of Toledo: From the Earliest Historical Times Down to the Present, Including a Genealogical and Biographical Record of Representative Families, Volume 1, by Harvey Scribner
Pages 243-246:  Water Works

1918 "Toledo's City-Owned Public Utility," The Toledo City Journal 3(22):282-283 (June 1, 1918)

1937 Toledo, Ohio: Report on Water Works Improvements, by Burns & McDonnell

1941 "Cement Lining of Water Mains at Toledo, Ohio," by George N. Schoonmaker, Journal of the American Water Works Association 33(10):1682-1692 (October, 1941)

1962 "Toledo," from Public Water Supplies of the 100 Largest Cities in the United States, 1962, US Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 1812, by Charles Norman Durfor and Edith Becker



2018 Morris A. Pierce