Documentary History of American Water-works

Introduction Historical Background Chronology Geography Biography Technology Ownership and Financing General Bibliography

Chronology of American Waterworks

Waterworks technology, ownership, and financing changed considerably over time and the chronology of their construction is a very valuable historical resource. 

This table shows a list of waterworks and the year they were first operated.  Where the year of first operation is not known or the system did not end up operating, the year of initial construction is shown.  The System Number column shows the total number of water works constructed by that time.  Where no System Number is shown a water system was proposed but apparently not built.  An "*" under system number signifies a significantly early water system that apparently only served a single family.  The entry under Public Year indicates when the system became permanently owned by a public entity. If Private is shown the system is currently owned by a non-public entity.  Entries in the rest of the columns show the year in which the indicated technology was first used.

Year System Number
City State Public Year Steam
Engine
Water Power Gravity Reservoir Stand
pipe
Tank Direct Wood Pipe Lead Pipe Cast Iron Pipe Wrought Iron Cement Pipe Wyckoff Wood Pipe
1649 1 Boston MA 1848 1860
1798
1848



1649

1822

1678 2 Albany NY 1850 1873

1678




1678

1813

1709 *
Northampton MA












1719 * Fitchburg MA ----









----

1720 3 San Antonio TX 1925












1744 4 Schaefferstown PA Private







 1744    1845

1753
Winchester VA ----











1754 5 Pittsfield MA 1856







 1754     1856

1754 6 Bethlehem PA 1871
1868 1754


1754

1754
1786
1813


1772 7 Lancaster PA 1837
1856
1837





 1772   1837

1772 8 Providence RI 1871
1871






1772




1773 9 Nazareth PA Private






1773
1859


1773 10 East Greenwich RI 1946
1886






1773




1774 11 San Antonio de Padua CA ----











1775 12 New York City NY 1842
1775
1842


1799

1775
1799
1799


1778 13 Salem NC 1905







1778




1785 14 Colebrook Center CT None






1775 1823


1785
Nelson NH












1786 15 Hudson NY 1875







1786    1841

1788 16 Westminster VT Private







1788




1790 * Northborough MA 1882










1882

1790 17 Santa Barbara CA 1897











1792
Baltimore MD ----












1792
Philadelphia PA ----












1793 18 Northampton MA 1871







1793    

1793 19 Keene NH 1869







 1793    

1794 20 Northfield MA 1965







1794
1900


1794 21 Boscawen NH 1893






1794


1893
1794 22 Cooperstown NY 1941







 1794    

1794 23 Rutland VT 1857







 1794   1858

1795 24 Lansingburgh NY 1884







1795




1796 25 Soledad CA 1930











1796 26 Dedham MA 1986







 1796    

1796 27 Greenfield MA 1921







 1796    

1796 28 Harvard MA 1937







1796




1796
Richmond MA None







     

1796 29 Salem MA 1869







1796




1796
Stockbridge ----













1796 30 Sunderland MA 1950






1796




1796 31 Williamstown MA 1942







 1796    

1797 32 Hartford CT 1855
1855

1855



 1797     1855

1797 33 Lancaster MA 1893







 1797    

1797 34 Plymouth MA 1855
1880






1797


1855

1797
Wilbraham MA 1926







     

1797 35
Hallowell ME 1895







1797    

1797 36 Canterbury NH None






1797



1797 37 Geneva NY 1896







1797




1798 38 Durham CT 2012







1798




1798 39 Windsor CT 1915







1798




1798
Washington KY 1990











1798 40 Worcester MA 1848







1798




1798 41 Troy NY 1832







1798



1798 42 Portsmouth NH 1891

1798




1798




1799 43 Arlington MA 1871







1799




1799
Springfield MA 1872












1799
Wrentham MA 1904












1799
Amesbury MA 1905












1799
Hopkinton MA 1879












1799 44 Peabody MA 1873







1799




1799 45 Morristown NJ 1923







1799


1846

1799 46
Schenectady NY 1885












1799 47 Whitesboro NY 1938







1799




1799
Charlestown SC 1917












1800 48 Farmington CT Private











1800 49 Newtown CT Private












1800 50
Norwich CT 1870







1800




1800 51 Camden ME Private






1800



1800 52 Portland ME 1908







1800




1800 53 Amherst NH 2011







1800




1800 54 Newark NJ 1860
1869






1800

1828
1846

1800 55 Fort Edward NY 1894







1800




1800
Petersburg VA ----












1800 56 St. Albans VT 1874







1800

1872


1801 57 Waterbury CT 1868







1801


1868

1801
Saco ME ----











1801 58 Exeter NH 1950







1801



1801 59 New Brunswick NJ 1873
1859 1859




1801



1801 60 Philadelphia PA 1801 1801 1822


1801

1801 1801
1801


1801 61 Pawtucket RI 1878






1801
1878

1802 62 New London CT 1872







1802



1802
Sharon CT 1972

1888








1802 63 Washington DC 1808 1876
1859 1859




1802
1823

1802 64
Medford MA 1870










1870

1802 65 Trenton NJ 1859







1802



1802
Hamilton NY 1895












1802 66 Utica NY 1938







1802



1802 67 Beaver Borough PA 1802






1802



1803 68 Windham CT 1885












1803 69 Wilmington DE 1810
1827




1803
1824


1803 70 Haverhill MA 1892 1871






1803
1848
1880

1803 71 Catskill NY 1884







1803



1803 72 Newport RI 1937







1803



1803 73 Fredericksburg VA 1885







1803
1832


1803 74 Richmond VA 1829
1832






1832


1804
New Haven CT 1980












1804 75 Frankfort KY 1943







1804




1804 76 Kingston MA 1888







1804



1804 77 Wiscasset ME 1984






1803



1804 78 Drewsville NH 1945







1804



1804 79 Hillsborough NH 1897







1804



1804 80 Burlington NJ 1877
1843






1804
1843


1804
Coxsackie NY 1894












1804 81 Kingston NY 1896







1804



1804 82 Middlebury VT 1891







1804



1805 83 Lexington KY Private 1885




1995 1805
1885

1805
84
New Bedford
MA
1895







1805




1805
85
Yarmouth
ME
1896







1805




1805 86 Hanover NH Private






1805
1829
1893


1805
87
Argyle
NY
1915







1805




1805 88 Schaghticoke NY 1925







1805




1805
Monticello VA












1805
Charles Town WV 1961
1889

1889



1889

1806 89 Cambridge MA 1865







1806




1806 90 Medfield MA 1921







1806




1806 91
Fort Ann NY 1923







1806




1806 92
Little Falls NY 1888







1806




1806
Newburgh NY ---












1806 93
Petersburg VA 1857
1857






1806

1857


1806
Staunton VA ---












1807 94
Baltimore MD 1854

1807




1807

1807


1807 95 Somerville NJ Private







1807




1807
Waterford NY 1913












1807 96 Bellefonte PA 1807






1807



1807
Meadville PA 1898












1807
York PA ---












1807 97 Montpelier VT 1884







1807




1808 98 Lompoc CA 1890












1808 99 Flemington NJ 1955






1808
1860

1808
Palmyra PA Private












1808 100 Winchester VA 1808







1808

1829


1808
Windsor VT ---












1809 101 Lebanon Springs NY None











1809 102 Aaronsburg PA 2008







1809




1809 103 Rebersburg PA 1809






1809




1809
Columbia TN ---











1809 104 Franklin TN 1905












1809 105 Knoxville TN 1909












1803
Nashville TN ---











1809 106 Vergennes VT 1869

1869




1809




1810 107 New Orleans LA 1908







1810

1819


1810 108 Malone NY 1906







1810




1810 109 Johnstown NY 1879







1810




1810 110 Steubenville OH 1837
1837






1810

1837


1810 111 Bristol RI 1986











1810 112 Harpers Ferry WV 1950











1811
Hackettstown NJ 1870











1811
Fincastle VA 1975












1811 113 Lynchburg VA 1829







1811

1829


1811 114 Brattleboro VT 1925






1811




1811 115 Bristol VT 1906







1811




1812 116 Falmouth ME 1917












1813 117
Fryeburgh ME Private












1813
Pittsburgh PA ----












1813 118
St. Johnsbury VT 1924












1813 119 Springfield VT 1903












1814
Georgetown DC 1859












1814 120 Madison IN 1852






1814

1850

1814 121 Phelps NY 1896






1814
1889

1815 122 San Diego CA 1906












1815 123 Ventura CA 1923












1815 124 Lancaster NH 1894







1815




1815 125
Peterborough NH 1874












1815
Milford PA ----












1815 126 Woodstock VT Private






1815
1888

1816
Cumberland MD 1871












1816
Emmitsburg MD 1963








1884

1816 127 Canandiagua NY 1895







1816

1884


1816
Allentown PA ----












1816 128 York PA Private
1849






1816

1840


1816
Pittsford VT 1973












1817 129 Plainfield MA None







1817




1817 130 Manlius NY 1894







1817




1817 131 Newburgh NY 1817







1817




1817 132
Pike NY 1910












1817 133 Zanesville OH 1842







1817

1842


1817 134 Easton PA 1936







1817

1834


1818 135 Bridgeport CT Private










1854

1818 136 Hancock MA ----











1818 137 Raleigh NC 1913







1818




1818 138 Plattsburgh NY 1870







1818

1870
1870

1818 139 Kendal OH ----







1818




1818 140 Bedford PA 1873






1818
1854

1818 141 Berwick PA Private







1818

1849


1818 142 Chambersburg PA 1875







1818

1875


1819 143 Port Tobacco MD None?











1819
Williamsport MD 1928












1819 144 Natchez MS 1903
1819










1819 145
Schoharie NY 1905







1819

1890


1819 146 Henrysburg PA 2006







1819




1819 147 Charlottesville VA 1856






1819
1855


1820
Mobile AL ----












1820 148 Brookville IN 1892






1820



1820 149 Ashfield MA 1987











1820 150
Haverhill NH 1919







1820




1820 151 Amsterdam NY 1882












1820
Cherry Valley NY 1896












1820 152 Rochester NY 1874 1874 1874 1876



1820

1840

1820 153 Cincinnati OH 1839
1824





1820

1820


1820 154
Wallingford VT 1929












1821 155 Weymouth MA 1885







1821 1885

1821
Syracuse NY ----












1821 156
Loudon PA 1969












1821 157 Reading PA 1865
1889






1821
1821
1821


1821 158 Columbia SC 1835
1821
1872






1821
1821


1821 159
Burlington VT 1866









1850


1821
Manchester VT ----












1822
Savannah GA ----












1822 160 Ithaca NY 1904







1822

1851


1822 161 Columbia TN 1941
1830




1830
1822

1823 162 Huntsville AL 1858
1869
1823





1823

1837


1823 163 Saco ME Private








1823
1879


1823 164 Fayetteville NC 1905




1893







1823
Charlestown NH 1908












1823 165 Columbia PA Private
1849






1823

1829


1823
Harrisburg PA ----












1823 166
Gettysburg PA 1949
1894






1823




1823 167 Leesburg VA 1823







1823

1845


1824 168 Oxford MA Private







1824


1824 169 Potsdam NY 1871
1894
1824




1871
1823

1871


1824 170 Milford PA 1965












1825 171 New Hartford CT 1976







1825




1825 172 Southampton MA 1931






1825



1825 173 Southbridge MA 1990












1825
Bangor ME 1876

1876




1876


1876


1825
Troy NH 1915











1825
Paterson NJ ----












1825 174 Washington NJ Private












1825
Salina NY ----












1825 175 Saratoga Springs NY 1847
1825



1871 1825
1871 1847
1826 176 South Lancaster MA 1900








1826



1826 177 Frederick MD 1836







1826 1826

1826
Westminster MD 1964







1883


1826 178 Concord NH 1873 1893
1873






1873
1826 179 Dover NH 1889












1826
Nashua NH 2012












1826
Watertown NY ----












1826 180 Bethany PA None












1826
Norristown PA ----











1826
Womelsdorf PA 1949








1895

1826 181 Nashville TN 1830









1833


1827 182 Detroit MI 1836
1830



1879

1893
1827

1830


1827
Lewiston NY ----












1827
Ogdensburg NY 1869
1869



1869

1869 1869
1827 183 Southampton NY 1930












1827 184 Allentown PA 1869









1828


1828
Pensacola FL 1908




1886




1886


1828 185 Augusta GA 1861












1828 186 Brunswick ME 1903












1828 187 Claremont NH ?












1828 188 Whitehall NY 1852












1828 189 Pittsburgh PA 1828
1828








1828


1828 190 Bellows Falls VT 1872












1828 191 Starksboro VT Private






1828



1829 192 Buffalo NY 1868 1852


1852


1871
1829

1852
1852

1829
Niagara Falls NY ----












1829
Fairport Harbor OH 1897












1830
Augusta ME 1904

1886







1886

1873
1830
Alton NH 1921











1830
Medford NJ 1982




1895




1895


1830 193 West Point NY 1830












1830 194 Lewistown PA 1945












1830 195 Hillsboro VA 1953






1830
1858

1830 196 Pearisburg VA 1830











1831 197 Mobile AL 1907









1836


1831 198 Stockbridge MA 1972












1831 199 Skowhegan ME Private











1831 200 Windham ME 1937












1832 201 North Adams MA 1869






1832
1869

1832 202 St. Louis MO 1835 1832



1871




1832


1832
Brooklyn NY ----












1832
Rome NY 1872

1872

1872






1872

1832
Wilkes-Barre PA Private











1832 203 Gate City VA 1928







1832




1832 204
Norwich VT 1971



1893





1893


1833 205 Danbury CT 1860








1834

1860

1833 206 Poquetanuck CT None











1833 207 Peoria IL Private 1880 1869



1869 1833 1843 1869

1833 208 Pleasant Hill KY 1969









1833


1833
North Conway NH 1905












1833
Orange NJ ----












1833
Cleveland OH ----












1833 209 Murfreesboro TN 1821
1890



1890


1833

1890


1833 210 Lexington VA 1833












1834
Holland MA 1904











1834 211 Bangor ME 1875












1834 212 Newmarket NH 1901












1834
Randolph VT 1940












1834 213 Chester NY ?











1834 214
Wheeling WV 1834












1835 215 Attica IN 1875 1875





1835
1858

1835
Bowling Green KY 1869
1869


1869





1869


1835 216 Tyringham MA None






1835



1835
Bordentown NJ ----












1835 217 Poughkeepsie NY 1835








1872

1835
Grand River OH 1897












1835
Venice OH












1835 218 Woonsocket RI 1885











1835 219 Mt. Crawford VA 1965?












1836
Columbus GA ----











1836 220 Canton MA 1889

1836










1836
Franklin NH 1891












1836
Fayetteville NY 1892


1892









1836 221 Akron OH 1912









1848


1836 222 Pottsville PA 1962









1836


1837 223 Brookfield CT Private












1837
Maysville KY 1963
1881


1881





1881


1837 224 South Union KY ?









1837


1837 225 Warren MA 1920












1837
Frostburg MD 1891









1854


1837 226 Orono ME 1976












1837
Vicksburg MS 1915 1889


1889



1889

1837 227 Burlington Flats NY None








1837



1837
Lorain OH 1884











1884
1837 228 Lyme NH Private












1838
Honolulu HI ----











1838
Louisville KY 1860
1860



1860




1860


1838 229 West Brookfield MA 1913







1838

1872

1838 230 Enfield NH 1903











1838
Hoboken NJ ----











1838
Williamsville NY 1895




1895







1838 231 Wytheville VA 1889











1839
Paris ME 1904











1839
Jersey City NJ ---












1840 232 Lisbon OH 1840











1840 233 Hopkinton NH 1962












1840 234 Manchester VA 1894












1840 235 Milwaukee WI 1873
1873



1874


1840

1873


1841 236 Erie PA 1841 1868



1868




1868


1841 237 Harrisburg PA 1841 1841







1841

1841
Hollidaysburg PA 1867











1867
1841 238 Kingston PA Private












1841 239 West Chester PA Private 1841







1841

1841 240 Guildhall VT 1959












1842 241 Chicago IL 1854 1842





1842
1854

1842 242 Allegheny PA 1849
1849











1842 243 Catasauqua PA 1910












1842 244 Kennett Square PA 1867












1843 245 Canterbury CT None








1843



1843 246 Springfield MA 1873











1843 247 Syracuse NY 1892

1894








1843 248 Staunton VA 1843











1844
Winsted CT 1862

1862






1862
1844 249 Columbus GA 1910











1844
Delphi IN 1911?

1891





1891

1844 250 Ipswich MA 1894
1893











1844 251 Milford MA 2017? 1881




1881
1844 1881

1844 252 Camden NY 1886







1844



1844 253 Spring Garden PA 1844 1844










1845 254 Chicopee MA 1892









1847
1845 255 Grafton MA 1988 1887


1887






1845
Madison WI 1882











1846 256 Camden NJ 1870












1846 257 Brookville PA 1912






1846
1883

1847 258 Rockville CT Private

1847





1866 1847
1847 259 Macon GA 1911











1847 259 Honolulu HI 1847











1847
Hopkinsville KY 1940 1896


1896



1896

1847 261 Mount Holly NJ Private












1847
Xenia OH 1919











1848 262 Grand Rapids MI 1874












1848 263 Cohoes NY 1857

1857








1857

1848
Centerville PA ?











1848 264 Norristown PA Private 1848

1848






1848


1849
Northville MI 1893












1849 265 Holyoke MA 1873
1849







1849
1849 266 Lowell MA 1873 1873











1849 267 Gilboa NY None











1849 268 Jim Thorpe PA 1962












1849 269 Windsor VT 1888











1850 270 Sausalito CA 2012












1850 271 Calais ME 1980s









1886


1850
Lebanon NH 1870












1850
Bellville OH 1915?











1850 272
Berrysburg PA None







1850



1850 273 Hyde Park VT 1910












1851
Indianapolis IN












1851 274 Rockland ME Private
1869







1851
1851
Auburn NY 1894
1865



1865


1865
1851
Frankfort NY 1894











1851
Machias NY 1965?











1851 275 Ossining NY 1889











1851
Westernville NY Private











1851
Chillicothe OH 1940 1882










1851 276 Germantown PA 1866 1841










1851 277 Kensington PA 1854 1851










1851 278 Pillow PA 1986?











1851 279 Tamaqua PA 1851











1851 280 Lunenburg VT 1951











1852 281 Fayette MS 1902












1852 282 Manchester NH 1874










1872

1852 283 Mendham NJ Private












1852 284 Canajoharie NY 1910












1852
Williamsburg NY Private












1852 285 Honesdale PA Private
1852











1852 286 Alexandria VA Private











1852
Irasburg VT 1998











1853
Belleville IL Private











1853
Pekin IL Private











1853
Chelsea MA 1867








1867 1867
1853
Egremont MA 1996












1853 287 Waterville ME 1904












1853 288 Hackettstown NJ 1870












1853 289 Watertown NY 1853

1853

1853





1874
1853

1853 290 Slatington PA 1883






1853

1861


1854
Montgomery AL 1898








1873

1854 291 Placerville CA












1854 292 Sacramento CA












1854 293 Sonora CA












1854 294 Savannah GA 1854 1854



1854


1854

1854
Charlestown MA 1864











1854 295 Frostburg MD 1891











1854
Cape May NJ 1874











1854 296 Jersey City NJ 1854 1854







1854

1854
Howard NY None











1854 297 Massillon OH Private









1854
1854 298 Carlisle PA 1931
1854






1854

1854
Fogelsville PA 1966?











1854
Lock Haven PA 1869

1869






1869
1854 299 Salt Lake City UT 1876







1854

1876


1854 300 Northfield VT 1905











1855 301 Columbia CA












1855
Quincy IL 1916
1872








1872


1855
Springfield IL 1868
1868








1868


1855 302 Wilbraham MA 1926












1855 303 Danbury NC 1921







1855




1855 304 Nashua NH 2012












1855
Belvidere NJ Private












1855 305 Elizabeth NJ 1931












1855
Lambertville NJ Private












1855
Yonkers NY 1874












1855 306 Media PA Private












1855
Schuylkill Haven PA 1921











1855 307 Warriors Mark PA 1973











1855
Bernon RI ----












1855
Beaver Dam WI 1914









1888


1855
Janesville WI 1915








1888

1855
Viroqua WI 1897








1897

1856 308 Fitchburg MA 1872










1872

1856 309 Newport NH 1894







1856


1862

1856 310 Bordentown NJ 1905 1856







1856

1856 311 Paterson NJ 1930
1856







1856
1856 312 Cleveland OH 1856 1856


1856



1856 1856
1856 313 Boyertown PA 1902












1856
Johnstown PA 1964









1868


1856 314 Pittston PA Private 1856







1856

1856
Tuscarora PA 1945









1922


1856 315 Williamsport PA 1947








1856

1856
Chattanooga TN Private












1856
Memphis TN 1902
1873





1873


1873


1856
Norfolk VA 1873
1873





1873


1873


1856
Portsmouth VA 1918
1888








1888


1856
La Crosse WI 1877












1856
Prairie du Chien WI 1902












1857 316 New Britain CT 1857

1857





1871 1857
1857
Alton IL Private











1857
Cairo IL Private











1857
Jacksonville IL 1874











1857
Lenox MA 1947
1875






1875

1857
Phillipsburg NJ Private











1857
Salem NJ 1882











1857 317 Avon NY 1888






1888
1888
1857

1857
Binghamton NY 1868 1868





1868



1857
Fort Plain NY 1895












1857
Fredonia NY 1884












1857 318 Waynesburg OH 1905











1857 319 Portland OR 1887






1857
1862

1857
Bristol PA Private












1858 320 Marysville CA












1858 321 Stockton CA












1858
Leavenworth KS 1921












1858 322 Somerville MA 1868










1868

1858
Nebraska City NE 1941












1858 323 Hoboken NJ 1858








1858

1858 324 Brooklyn NY 1858








1858 1858
1858 325 Centre Hall PA












1858
Greensburg PA












1858 326 Mechanicsburg PA












1858 327 Scranton PA Private









1857
1858
Tyrone PA












1858
Canaan VT 1986


1894










2017 Morris A. Pierce