|Introduction||Historical Background||Chronology||Geography||Biography||Technology||Ownership and Financing||General Bibliography|
|Technology||High Pressure Fire Systems|
Many communities developed separate high pressure water systems dedicated to fire protection. Most of these systems had dedicated pumping stations using fresh or salt water, but in some cases the piping network was arranged so that fireboats could deliver water during a fire. These systems were generally confined to dense built-up areas and high value areas such as naval bases and factories..
The first of these was built in Rochester, New York in 1874, which is still in service.
Some later systems were discontinued as motor-driven fire pumpers became more robust and dependable.
1884 "High Service Water Supply for New York," Engineering News 11:102 (March 1, 1884)
1904 "Salt Water Fire Protection for New York City," Scientific American, 90:170 (February 27, 1904)
1923 Comparison of high pressure water systems for fire protection, by Chester Orlando Avery, and Laurence E. Barstow, Thesis, Department of Mechnical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
|1851||San Francisco||CA||Ordinance given to Conrad K. Hotaling, but system not built due to lack of local support.|
|1873||Rochester||NY||Dedicated Holly fire protection system, still in use
|1882||New York City||NY||Proposed Holly system using salt water, not built. (see 1908)|
|1889||Milwaukee||WI||Pumping from four fire boats.|
|1913||San Francisco||CA||Two steam plants and fire boats|
|1922||Buffalo||NY||Fire boat connections
|1923||Cincinnati||OH||Not completed yet|
© 2016 Morris A. Pierce