Documentary History of American Water-works

Introduction Historical Background Chronology Geography Biography Technology Ownership and Financing General Bibliography

Technology Steam Engines List of Steam Engines

List of Steam Engines Used in America Waterworks

MGD = Million gallons per day
Year Engine # City
#
City State HP MGD Steam Pressure (PSIG)
Manufacturer Remarks
1753

North Arlington NJ
0.7 Low
Newcomen style engine built by Joseph Hornblower and erected by his son Josiah, who remained in America. Pumped water at Schuyler copper mine
1773

Philadelphia PA

Low Newcomen-style engine by Christopher Colles Small steam engine to raise water for a Philadelphia distillery, demonstrated but apparently never completed.
1774 1 1 New York City NY
0.3 Low Newcomen-style engine by Christopher Colles Destroyed during British occupation in 1776
1801 2 2 Philadelphia PA
1.8 Low Nicholas J. Roosevelt Schuylkill Engine House, excess power leased to Roosevelt to run a rolling and slitting mill.  Replaced 1815 by Fairmount Works. On April 4, 1801, two workmen suffocated while working inside the boiler, and it had to be torn apart to retrieve their bodies.
1801 3
Philadelphia PA
1.0 Low Nicholas J. Roosevelt Centre Square, replaced 1815 by Fairmount Works.  
1802 4
New York City NY 18 1.0 Low Boulton & Watt, erected by Robert McQueen Replaced horse mill
1803 5
New York City NY 18 1.0 Low Robert McQueen Replaced horse mill
1815 6
Philadelphia PA
2.1 2.5 - 4 Samuel Richards, proprietor of the
Eagle Works
Fairmount, replaced 1822 by water wheels.
1816 7
Philadelphia PA 100 3.7 194-220 Oliver Evans Fairmount, replaced 1822 by water wheels.  A high pressure boiler explosion on June 20, 1818 killed three workmen.  A second explosion on October 12, 1821 did not cause any injuries.
1816

New Orleans LA

Low

Never used, became derelict due to long construction period.
1819 8 3 Natchez MS




1820 9 4 New Orleans LA 100
Low

1821 10 5 Columbia SC 14
Low James Bowman and William Galloway of Manchester, England
1824 11 6 Cincinnati OH 40 1.2

Replaced horse mill, from steamboat Vestas, operated until 1844
1828 12
Cincinnati OH 24
High
Harkness & Co.
1828 13 7 Pittsburgh PA 80
High
Arthurs, Warden & Benny
1830 14 8 Detroit MI 10


"Constructed in Buffalo."
Power shared with Detroit Iron Company.
1831 15
Detroit MI 20

Detroit Iron Company Replaced 1830 engine, which was needed by Iron Company.
1832 16 9 St. Louis MO


Francis Pratt of Pittsburgh
1832 17
New York City NY 12


Installed by City of New York for fire protection.
1832 18
Cincinnati OH 100 3.0 High
Anthony Harkness & Co.
1833 19
Pittsburgh PA 120
High
Stackhouse, Tumbleson, & Co.
1834 20 10 Wheeling WV 60 1
High
Smith & Wallace
1835 21
New Orleans LA 65
Low West Point
1837 22 11 Steubenville OH 40



1839 23
St. Louis MO


Gatty & Coonce
1840 24
Wheeling WV
1.5
Helm & Richardson
1841 25 12 Harrisburg PA 40 0.4 50 psig
Initial steam pressure to produce 304 gpm
1841 26 13 West Chester PA



Replaced by Worthington engine in 1881.
1842 27 14 Chicago IL 24 1.0


James Long contracted with the Chicago Hydraulic Company to pump their water for free in return for using spare power from the engine to run his grist-mill.  The engine could pump 25 barrels of water per minute.
1843 28 15 Burlington NJ



Pumped water from Delaware River, plant burned in 1844 and was rebuilt.
1844 29 16 Spring Garden PA
1.25 Low Merrick & Towne Schuylkill (Spring Garden and Northern Liberties)
1844 30
Spring Garden PA
1.25 Low Merrick & Towne Schuylkill (Spring Garden and Northern Liberties)
1846 31
Cincinnati OH
3.6
Messrs. Yeatman & Shield
1846 32
St. Louis MO


Messrs. Kingsland & Lightner, St. Louis.
1846 33 17 Camden NJ 10



1847 34
New Orleans LA
6
Allaire Works, New York Beam condensing engine
1847 35
Cincinnati OH


Messrs. Yeatman & Shield
1848 36 18 Norristown PA


Eagle Works, Norristown (?)

1849 37 19 Allegheny PA
1.5
Designed by Robert Moore, Allegheny Two lever engines coupled together
1849 38 20 Columbia PA




1849 39
Spring Garden PA
4
Sutton Schuylkill (Spring Garden and Northern Liberties)
1850 40
Detroit MI 150

Degraff & Kendrick, Detroit
1850 41 21 York PA


Birkinbine
1851 42 22 Mount Holly NJ



Company sold excess power (about 20 horse) to run a saw and placing mill, but it was not profitable.
1851 43
Cincinnati OH
3.5
Anthony Harkness & Co.
1851 44 23 Germantown PA

High
Taken out of service in 1872
1851 45
Germantown PA

High
Taken out of service in 1872
1851 46 24 Kensington PA
3 High Brock & Andrew Horizontal High Pressure Delaware and Kensington
1851 47
Kensington PA
3.5 Low Reaney & Neafie Vertical Low Pressure Delaware and Kensington
1852 48 25 Sacramento CA 5


Pumped water into an elevated reservoir for distribution by carts.
1852 49 26 Buffalo NY 80
1.5
I. P. Morris & Co., Philadelphia
Cornish Bull engine
1852 50
Buffalo NY 80
1.5
I. P. Morris & Co., Philadelphia
Cornish Bull engine
1852 51
Cincinnati OH
3.5
Anthony Harkness & Co. Duplicate of 1851 engine, replace 1832 engine
1853 52
Chicago IL 175
7.5 30 psig Morgan Iron Works, New York Condensing
1853 53
Chicago IL


H. Moses, Chicago Non-condensing, only used when condensing engine was out of service
1854 54 27 Sonora CA



Pumped water to the top of Gold Mount.
1854 55
Sacramento CA 20 1
John Berdan
1854 56 28 Savannah GA
1
Worthington Direct-acting, condensing pumping engines
1854 57
Savannah GA
1
Worthington
1854 58
Savannah GA
1
Worthington
1854 59 29 Jersey City NJ 500 4
Robert B. Parrott, West Point Foundry
1854 60
Allegheny PA
1.5

Duplicate of 1849 Engine
1855 61 30 Hartford CT


Woodruff and Beach Iron Works in Hartford Purchased in lieu of cancelled Cornish engine.
1855 62 31 Wilmington DE


Betts, Pusey & Co. Cornish pump to supplement water power
1855 63
Philadelphia PA
5
I. P. Morris & Co., Philadelphia Schuylkill (Spring Garden and Northern Liberties)
1855 64
Philadelphia PA
1.3 High Bull Cornish Engine Twenty-Fourth Ward Plant
1855 65
Philadelphia PA
1.3 High Bull Cornish Engine Twenty-Fourth Ward Plant
1855 66 32 Alexandria VA 20

Thomas S. Jemieson, Alexandria Primarily to backup existing water-driven pump
1855 67
Wheeling WV
3
J. Moore & Company
1856 68 33 Cambridge MA
0.3
Worthington
1856 69
Cambridge MA
0.3
Worthington
1856 70 34
Bordentown NJ
0.5
Worthington
1856 71
Camden NJ


I. P. Morris & Co., Philadelphia
1856 72 35 Elizabeth NJ
2
Messrs. Hewes and Phillips, Newark
1856 73
Elizabeth NJ
2
Messrs. Hewes and Phillips, Newark
1856 74 36
Cleveland OH 200 4.5 20 psig
Allaire Works, New York
1856 75
Cleveland OH 200 4.5 20 psig
Allaire Works, New York
1856 76 37 Lancaster PA




1856 77 38 Pittston PA



Rotary pump?
1857 78
Chicago IL
13
Morgan Iron Works, New York
1857 79 39 Petersburg VA




1858 80 40 San Francisco CA



Located at North Point by San Francisco City Water Works
1858 81 41 Brooklyn NY
15 18 psig Messrs. Woodruff & Beach, Hartford Ridgewood
1858 82 42 Scranton PA




1859 83 43 Marysville CA 20


Foundries in Marysville
Low pressure condensing engine
1859 84
Sacramento CA 20 1
Worthington "as was constructed for the city of Savannah."
1859 85 44 New Brunswick NJ




1859? 86 45 Portland OR



Mentioned in a 1952 history, no other information found.
1859 87 46 Chestnut Hill PA



Horizontal high pressure engine, Bought by Philadelphia in 1873
1859 88
Chestnut Hill PA



Horizontal high pressure engine
1860 89
New Orleans LA
12
Novelty Iron Works, New York Beam condensing engine
1860 90
Harrisburg PA
2
Worthington
1861 91 47 Red Bluff CA




1861 92

Brooklyn NY
15 18 psig Messrs. Woodruff & Beach, Hartford Ridgewood
1862 93
Brooklyn NY

2.5

Prospect Hill
1864 94
Wilmington DE
0.4
Worthington
1864 95 48 Charlestown MA
5 45 psig Worthington Duplex pumping engine
1865 96 49 Fort Leavenworth KS



Pumped water from the Missouri River into a 21,000 gallon tank.
1865 97
Charlestown MA
5 45 psig Worthington
1865 98
Pittston PA


Thomas Thatcher, Danville, Pa. 250 GPM Thatcher Double Acting Steam Pumps
1865 99 50 Chattanooga TN 20


Force pump taken from nearby flouring mill.
1865 100
Chattanooga TN



Suction pump taken from nearby blast furnace.


2017 Morris A. Pierce