Documentary History of American Water-works

Introduction Historical Background Chronology Geography Biography Technology Ownership and Financing General Bibliography

Technology Cast Iron Pipe Cast Iron Pipe List

Installations of Cast Iron Water Pipe

Year # City State Length (Feet)
Size (inches) Manufacturer Remarks
1796
Philadelphia PA


The President and Managers of the Delaware and Schuylkill Canal advertised for cast-iron pipe "to supply the City of Philadelphia with water."
1799 1
New York City NY 400
7

"cost 3 dollars per foot, including the putting down."
1801 2
Philadelphia PA 84
6
Robeson & Paul, Philadelphia merchants who were running the Weymouth Furnace at Atsion, N. J. 
"Directions have been given to place these pipes, fourteen in number, each six feet long, under the greatest pressure of the water, in order to prove a method of securing their joints, which it is supposed will be substantial, and cheaper than the common mode."  Cost of pipe was $1.53 per foot.
1807 3 Baltimore MD
2½ to 6
Samuel Hughes, who had bought the Principio Furnace in 1785.
"contracted in June, 1805, with Samuel Hughes, of Harford County, for a supply of cast-iron pipes ranging from two and a half to six inches, at from sixty-five dollars to eighty dollars per ton." 
1813 4 Albany NY 3 miles?
6
Holley & Coffing, Salisbury, Connecticut
"a bore of six inches diameter, three feet in length, and five eights of an inch thick"
"conveyed in a six-inch pipe for a distance of about three miles"  Replaced wood logs.
1813 5 Bethlehem PA



1819 6 New Orleans LA
8
Suction pipe for steam engine
1820 7 Cincinnati OH 700?


Approximately 700 feet from pump to reservoir
1821 8 Reading PA



1821 9 Columbia SC 1¼ miles
8
Messrs. Galloway and Bowman of Manchester, England (?)
900 feet of 8 inch pipe from pump to reservoir, 1¼ miles laid by 1821, 12 miles by 1828.  No wood pipes were used.
1822 10 Boston MA 3,150
8

3,150 feet of 8-inch cast iron pipe were installed in 1822.  Additional cast-iron pipes were installed in 1840, and by 1845 a total of five miles of cast-iron pipe was in place.
1822 11 Columbia TN


1822 Spring - Mr. Durant lays first iron pipe for water supply from Whites Spring to Columbia town Square.
1823 12 Washington DC 1,700
3 & 4

"About 360 feet running measure to have a bore of 4 inches diameter, and the remainder, about 1340 feet, to have a bore of two and a quarter inches diameter."
1824 13 Wilmington DE 3,000
3
Samuel Wright

1826 14 Frederick MD

Catoctin Furnace

1828 15 Newark NJ

Samuel Wright

1828 16 Allentown PA



1828 17 Pittsburgh PA 2,439
15


1829 18 Columbia PA


those made of iron put in their place, at an expense of between three and four thousand dollars.
1829 19 Lynchburg VA


The water is raised from a pump-house, on the margin of the river, to a reservoir, 245 feet above the surface of the water in the river, a distance of 2000 feet! The pump is a double forcing pump—diameter of the pump barrel, nine inches—it operates with a stroke of the piston, of four and a half inches—by a breast water wheel, 17 1-2 feet diameter; length of buckets, 8 feet. Under a useful head of water of 7 feet 9 inches, and fall of 2 feet 6 inches, the water is raised thro' cast-iron pipes 7 inches in diameter from a quarter to three-quarters of an inch thick, varying according to the degree of pressure they have to sustain.
1829 20 Winchester VA


Pipes were delivered from Philadelphia.
1830 21 Detroit MI


Three-inch iron pipe from pumping engine to reservoir.
1832 22 Fredericksburg VA



1832 23 St. Louis MO 7,000
4 & 6
Anthony W. Vanleer's Cumberland Furnace
Messrs. Vanleer and Co. for a further supply of iron pipe; and the city, is by that contract, responsible for 2,000 feet of six-inch iron pipe, and 5,000 feet of iron pipe four inches in diameter
1832 24 Richmond VA 2,400
8
Samuel and Thomas S. Richards of Philadelphia
The cast iron main from the pumps to the reservoir, is 2,400 feet long, 8 inches diameter and for 450 feet from the pump is ¾ of an inch thick, and for the remaining distance of 1,950 feet to the reservoir is only 9-16 of an inch in thickness.
1833 25 Pleasant Hill KY



1833 26 Nashville TN


Iron pipes were laid from the reservoir to Broad Street, and up Second Avenue to the Square.  The system was built by twelve Negro slaves bought by the city.
1834 27 Salem MA
6
From North Street down Essex Street as far as Newbury Street.
1834 28 Easton PA



1834 29 Wheeling WV



1836 30 Mobile AL
3

1836 31 Pottsville PA 3,500 6 Eckert and Guilford Also 700 feet of 4 inch pipe
1837 32 Huntsville AL
5


1837 33 South Union KY 1,650


"the water was pumped through 'cast metal aqueducts,' into a cistern about 100 rods away.'
1837 34 Steubenville OH 4,000
8


1837 35 Lancaster PA 3,800
8


1839 36 Frankfort KY



1840 37 Rochester NY
6
Installed by A. J. Langworthy
1840 38 York PA 11,436 3 to 7 Small and Geiger, now Smyser-Royer Company Prices from $0.37½ to $1.10 per foot
1841 39 Hudson NY



1841 40 Harrisburg PA 31,613 4 to 12 Ellicott & Brothers Cost $40,253.74 "including lead and freight"
1841 41 West Chester PA



1842 42 Zanesville OH



1843 43 Burlington NJ



1845 44 Leesburg VA



1848 45 Haverhill MA
6
The town paid the additional cost of installing a 6 inch pipe over the 5 inch pipe proposed by the company.
1848 46 Akron OH


Akron Cold Spring Water Company
1848 47 Norristown PA 1,450
20


1849 48 Berwick PA



1850 49 Ithaca NY



1850 50 Burlington VT


"They have threaded our streets with iron conductors."
1852 51 Buffalo NY

Rossie Iron Works in Ogdensburgh
George Parish, who owned the Rossie Iron Works in Ogdensburgh, also took $125,000 in stock, for which he provided the iron pipes for the water system.   31 miles of pipe installed by 1860.
1852 52 Alexandria VA 3,968

Iricks & Co., Lumberton NJ 4 to 10 inches diameter
1854 53 Savannah GA 19 miles

Glasgow?

1854 54 Chicago IL 8 ¾ miles



1854 55 Frostburg MD



1854 56 Jersey City NJ



1854 57 Bedford PA



1854 58 Carlisle PA



1856 59 Bordentown NJ



1856 60 Cleveland OH



1856 61 Pittston PA



1857 62 Petersburg VA



1858 63 Attica IN



1858 64 Hillsboro VA



1858 65 Rutland VT



1859 66 Nazareth PA



1860 67 Louisville KY



1860 68 Flemington NJ



1861 69 Augusta GA



1862 70 Portland OR



1865 71 Chattanooga TN

England? System built by the Union Army with several miles of cast-iron pipe




© 2017 Morris A. Pierce