Documentary History of American Water-works

Introduction Historical Background Chronology Geography Biography Technology Ownership and Financing General Bibliography
New England Massachusetts

Commonwealth of Massachusetts

The first permanent European settlement in Massachusetts was at Plymouth, where the Mayflower arrived with Pilgrims in 1620.  Maine was a part of Massachusetts until it became a separate state in 1820, and aqueduct companies chartered under Massachusetts law are included in Maine page.

References
1799 An Act Allowing Proprietors of Aqueducts to Manage the Same.  February, 1799.  Allowed any number of individuals to form an Aqueduct Company by applying to a local Justice of the Peace.  The value of property owned by a company formed under this act could not exceed $30,000.  Prior to this, Aqueduct Companies could only be formed by an act of the General Court.

1870 An act to authorize cities and towns to purchase water-rights.  March 19, 1870.

1873 An act to dissolve certain corporations, June 2, 1873.

1876 "Water Supply," from Seventh Annual report of the State Board of Health of Massachusetts. January, 1876.  Includes data on aqueducts serving 46 communities in the Commonwealth. 

1889 Examinations by the State Board of Health of the Water Supplies and Inland Waters of Massachusetts: 1887-1890, Part 1

1907 An act to prevent waste of water in cities and towns supplied from the sources or works of the Metropolitan Water District.  June 15, 1907.  Required installation of water meters.

1924 "Acts and Resolves Relating to Water Supply," Journal of the New England Water Works Association 28(4):364-439 (December, 1924)

2016 Department of Public Utilities History, Prepared by Paul E. Osborne, Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities, March 2016

2016 Water Franchise Areas in Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Prepared by Paul E. Osborne, Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities, March 2016


Alphabetical
Adams
Agawam
Amesbury
Amherst
Arlington
Ashburnham
Ashfield
Athol
Attleborough
Boston
Brockton
Brookline
Cambridge
Canton
Charlestown
Chelsea
Cheshire
Chicopee
Cochituate
Concord
Danvers
Dedham
Easthampton
Egremont
Everett
Fall River
Fitchburg
Grafton
Great Barrington
Greenfield
Hancock
Harvard
Haverhill
Hingham
Holland
Holyoke
Hopkinton
Housatonic
Ipswich
Kingston
Lancaster
Lawrence
Lenox
Leominster
Lincoln
Lowell
Lynn
Malden
Medfield
Medford
Melrose
Methuen
Milford
Nantucket
Natick
New Bedford
Newton
North Adams
Northampton
Northborough
Northfield
Oxford
Peabody
Pittsfield
Plainfield
Plymouth
Richmond
Salem
Somerville
South Hadley
South Lancaster
Southampton
Southbridge
Springfield
Stockbridge
Sunderland
Taunton
Turners Falls
Tyringham
Uxbridge
Waltham
Warren
Wayland
Webster
Westborough
West Brookfield
Westfield
West Springfield
Weymouth
Wilbraham
Williamstown
Winchester
Woburn
Worcester
Wrentham

Chronological
1649 1 Boston
1709 * Northampton
1719 * Fitchburg
1754 2 Pittsfield
1790 * Northborough
1793 3 Northampton
1794 4 Northfield
1796 5 Dedham
1796 6 Greenfield
1796 7 Harvard
1796
Richmond
1796 8 Salem
1796
Stockbridge
1796 9 Sunderland
1797 10 Williamstown
1797 11 Lancaster
1797 12 Plymouth
1797
Wilbraham
1798 13 Worcester
1799 14 Arlington
1799
Amesbury
1799
Hopkinton
1799
Springfield
1799
Wrentham
1799 15 Peabody
1802 16
Medford
1803 17 Haverhill
1804 18 Kingston
1805 19 New Bedford
1806 20 Cambridge
1806 21 Medfield
1817 22 Plainfield
1818 23 Hancock
1820 24 Ashfield
1821 25
Weymouth
1824 26 Oxford
1825 27 Southampton
1825 28 Southbridge
1826 29 South Lancaster
1831 30 Stockbridge
1832 31 North Adams
1834
Holland
1835 32 Tyringham
1836 33 Canton
1837 34 Warren
1838 35
West Brookfield
1843 36 Springfield
1844 37 Chicopee
1844 38 Ipswich
1844 39 Milford
1845 40 Grafton
1849 41 Holyoke
1849 42 Lowell
1851 43 Lawrence
1853
Chelsea
1853
Egremont
1854
Charlestown
1855 44 Wilbraham
1856 45 Fitchburg
1857
Lenox
1858 46 Somerville
1861
Brookline
1864 47 Charlestown
1867 48 Chelsea
1868 49 Great Barrington
1868 50 Webster
1869 51 Lynn
1870 52 Ashburnham
1870 53 Brockton
1870 54 Malden
1870 55 Melrose
1871 56 Everett
1872 57 South Hadley
1873 58 Adams
1873 59 Attleborough
1873 60 Easthampton
1873 61 Leominster
1873 62 Turners Falls
1873 63 Waltham
1873 64 Winchester
1873 65 Woburn
1874 66 Concord
1874 67 Fall River
1874 68 Natick
1874 69 Westfield
1875 70 Brookline
1875 71 Cheshire
1875 72 Lenox
1875 73 Lincoln
1875 74 West Springfield
1876 75 Athol
1876 76 Danvers
1876 77 Methuen
1876 78 Newton
1876 79 Taunton
1877 80 Agawam
1878 81 Cochituate
1878 82 Nantucket
1879 83 Westborough
1880 84 Amherst
1880 85 Hingham
1880 86 Uxbridge
1888
Housatonic
Note: The second column in the chronological table above shows the order in which systems were built in the state. Where no number is shown, a system was proposed but apparently not built.  A "*" indicates a notable system that apparently served only one family.


2017 Morris A. Pierce